Zeta - Moraca area
This broad area includes: Zeta and Malaysia (Mataguži, fertile plains, Tuzi, Dinos, Canyon Pipe), Podgorica with Duklja and Meduna, canyon Moraca monastery Moraca, Moračke mountains, plains Bjelopavlici (Spuž, Danilovgrad), Ostrog Monastery, Zdrebaonik , cell piperska and city Niksic with the environment. Zeta is characterized by fertile plains, and they will have hills and mountains. Almost the entire area is a tourist point of view, very interesting, especially because of the attractive river and valuable cultural and historical monuments. For tourists are especially interesting: Ostrog Monastery, Moraca canyons and Mrtvica, Morača, the ruins of the old town Duklja, Temple of Jesus Christ in Podgorica and monastery Dajbabe.
In Zeta valley, behind KAP, rises the hill Dajbabska worse. In one of his raznokrakoj cave monk Simeon Popovic in 1897 built a monastery Dajbabe, who is also the youngest monastery in Montenegro. The monk Simeon his whole life spent in prayer to God and building this underground temple. It would be fair to this interesting monastery called by the name of its builder. In the monastery are beautiful frescoes, icons and other relics of saints. Visitors to this cave monastery always go thrilled offense monk Simeon.
Dajbabe Monastery is a unique facility of its kind in the area of the European continent.
Podgorica (city of 140 000, 168 000 municipalities apartment.)
During Illyrian times, this area was settled by the tribe Labeati and Docleati. Throughout its turbulent history, which lasts more than two thousand years ago, the town was called Birziminium in Roman times, and Rayon after the arrival of the Slavs in the time of Nemanjić. According to written sources, Rayon was first mentioned in the 12th century as the city at the mouth of the river Ribnica in. Name of Podgorica was first mentioned in 1326 in the notary book archive in court. There is a claim that is in this city born Stefan Nemanja (1114 -1200), the founder of the Nemanjić dynasty, which ruled Serbia from the 12th to the 14th century. Nemanyich at that time ruled Raska and Zeta.
In 1474 the Turks conquered Podgorica and build houses, mosques and forts, all in oriental style. For its construction was used and stone from the ruins of the old town Duklja. Although Ivan Crnojević do anything to defend Podgorica, and later to re-capture, not able to do that because the Turks were far superior. Thus, in this part of town developed different looks and with other ways of life. From Podgorica have attended almost all military campaigns against rebellious Montenegro. After 405 years of Turkish rule, Podgorica has again become Montenegro since 1879. The city then began to develop rapidly on the right bank of Ribnica and this part is called New town or Mirkova borough, by Duke Mirko Petrović Njegoš. The old town has remained partly preserved up to the present time.
Podgorica is the Second World War, for no reason, bombed 79 times by the Allies! Destroyed to the ground and lost its 4100 inhabitants in that war. Warsaw, Dresden and Podgorica are the cities that are most times bombed in World War II.
City on 19 December 1944, the National Liberation Army fighters liberated the new Yugoslavia. To the memory of the killed soldiers in the War of National Liberation, on the Gorica hill was erected the Monument of Partisan-fighter. After the war, it is raised in several monuments of notable personalities (NjegoSu, Karađorđu, Marko Miljanov, King Nikola and other).
Description and development of the city
Podgorica is the administrative, economic and cultural center of Montenegro. It lies in the Zeta valley in the area where they meet Zeta, Moraca and Ribnica, at an altitude of only 44 meters. The sea is about 35 km as the crow flies, rail and 42 km by road 50 km. The climate is relatively mild, except in July and August extremely high temperatures. Podgorica is the warmest city in the summer in the country.
The city has 47 years was called Titograd (1946-1992), because at that time it was prestigious to each Yugoslav republic has one city that will carry in their name and the name of the legendary partisan leader and Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito (1892-1980). In addition, Titograd was already city-hero because of the terrible suffering in World War II and his merits in the NOB.
After the reconstruction of the destroyed building, Podgorica was until 1990 very quickly and widely developed. Development, but much slower, continued further. Podgorica is actually almost a whole new city, with the contours of modern architecture, but also the social-realist style.
In the post-war period (1945 to 1990), in addition to the reconstruction of the city from the ruins of war and built a number of residential buildings and industrial facilities, in Podgorica was built more than fifty major facilities for the state administration, education, health, culture, hospitality, transportation, sports and other social activities. Here are just some of them: University of Montenegro, Clinical - Hospital Center, Radio - Television of Montenegro Airport in Golubovci, the National Theatre, sports centers, thirty buildings of primary and secondary schools, many hotels and public infrastructure.
Podgorica is an important economic center. Before the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the town had fifteen strong companies, including prominent place occupied AK '13 July' with the largest vineyards in Europe. Most of them fell into difficulties, and they killed, which is not related to AD 'Plantations 13 July'. The company has continued its growth, especially in the cultivation of new varieties of grapes and peaches, in the manufacture and export of high quality wines, including Vranac occupies the first place. In addition Plantation, successfully developed and private Viticulture and Enology, particularly in the area Crmnica. Thus, the vines become a recognizable brand in the world market and are largely responsible for the increased traffic of foreign tourists.
Podgorica is the environment associated rail, road and air transportation systems. The city has a modern bus station, which has various catering and shopping. Not far from the city (10 km) is located in the International Airport 'Podgorica' on landing airplanes of all types. In the first decade of this century, from the city to the Airport was built in a modern highway, while only 10-15 minutes to arrive and of these modern airports.
Construction of the Montenegrin capital continues successfully. Some facilities are modern designed, especially those built in the first decade of this century .. The last few years have been built a few dozen boulevards and private comfortable hotels. The first years of the 21st century was built and opened to traffic bridge over the Moraca River Union, in 2004 the new Trade Center Mex, on July 13, 2005, was released in traffic attractive Millennium Bridge, the reconstructed access streets, 2007 is furnished modern Liberty Square and completed the construction of business center 'Nikić', and in 2008 Podgorica got a modern shopping mall 'Delta City' and a pedestrian bridge over the Moraca, as a gift to Moscow Podgorica. On the right side of the Moraca River was built road bypass around the city, which has significantly helped to accelerate the passage of vehicles through the city.
Podgorica is a city with lots of greenery and five rivers. Moraca and Ribnica pass directly through town and divide it into three parts, and Zeta, trifle and Pipe are located on the outskirts of the city. Podgorica is relatively well-designed urban. The construction of the storey garage in various parts of the metropolis of Montenegrin finally solved the problem of parking vehicles .. The city is spread on the principle of satellite city districts, covering an area of 144 square kilometers. The bad side of town is very dense urban traffic, which significantly pollutes the environment, as it does and the Aluminum on the outskirts of the city. The introduction of trams would significantly assist citizens and their health.
For Orthodox believers, is built on the right side of the Moraca big beautiful Temple of Christ's resurrection and officially opened in 2014. The temple is, no doubt significantly contributed to the overall tourist image of the city.
Podgorica is an important university center. In the city there are twenty colleges, ten research institutes and two Academy of Sciences. It is developed primary and secondary education, with 22 elementary and 13 secondary schools. The school network is still expanding.
The capital of Montenegro possesses numerous cultural institutions, among which should be noted: the National Theatre, the University Library, City Theatre, City Museum, Contemporary Art Center, Center for Archaeological Research, a dozen Gallery of Art, the Library, Cultural center, theater Dodest , Youth Cultural Centre Juventas and cinema complex Cineplexx.
In the capital's sporting life very developed. Active is almost twenty sport associations or clubs from all branches of sports, except hockey and rugby. SRC 'Moraca' is the most important sports facility, which was reconstructed and modernly equipped in 2005 and opened on the eve of the European Basketball Championship. Fucks the 'Future' with numerous clubs, which is also the winner of the greatest number of sports trophies. Stadium 'Budućnosti'je become true center of sport, culture, art and business.
If you are already in Danilovgrad, from there you can a new path, which leads across the bridge on the river Zeta, quickly get to the Ostrog monastery. And if you are on the main road for Niksic, after fifteen kilometers from Danilovgrad right turn in Bogetići and Ostrog Monastery. Drive carefully eight kilometers of winding mountain trail and you will arrive at a broad plateau. In front of you will point the holiest thing Christians from Montenegro and the wider European area.
When you mention Ostrog, there will be associations in a place where miracles happen, where many heavy ill and are seeking mental cure your body, which soon became physically healthy. About the Ostrog monastery can be heard almost unbelievable stories.
Leaves a great boulder of Ostrog hill, up above Bjelopavlici plain Monastery impression on everyone who looked at him. And when you find yourself at the entrance to this shrine and look down into the valley of Zeta, before you will show pictures of luxurious nature, and in its center is covered with greenery winding river. Entering the areal Monastery, one reaches the plateau on which there are souvenir shops and a few restaurants and cafes, a little further and lower Ostrog Monastery (800 m asl) The upper monastery high in the hill (900 m / M) and partly tucked away in a cave. It leads to a very steep path with twenty sharp bends, which passes through the forest with a pedestrian shortcuts. The monastery was founded by Archbishop Basil Jovanovic-1656, and lived there until his death in 1671.. Because of his merits for life and preservation of the body after death for many years, was declared a saint by the name of St. Basil.
In the Upper Monastery are two unusual cave churches - Presentation of the Virgin and the Holy Cross. In the church of the Presentation of the life of St. located. Basil, who was nicknamed after the death of a miracle worker. Both churches are brightly colored with beautiful frescos that are neither visible due to soot and low light. From the front door to the Upper monastery to the upper church should move 77 steps.
It is interesting to point out that St. Basil for life from its own resources renewed old, Vavedenjsku church and bought a piece of arable land to the monks could provide basic foods. The lower monastery was built in 1820 at an altitude of 800 meters. At the entrance to the monastery is the church of Sv. Three from 1824. Since both the monastery tucked away under the hill, and here is a pleasant climate in winter.
Ostrog Monastery is during the whole year the most visited shrine in Montenegro. It is visited by believers of all faiths and from the whole of the former Yugoslavia and from many other zemalja.Poslije tomb of Christ and the Holy Mount, the Ostrog Monastery is the third most visited shrine in the Christian world. The largest part of the pilgrims pray to St. Basil to help them in achieving life's greatest desire, primarily for the purpose of healing. Traditional day gathering of the faithful on 12 May, the day of St. Basil, when you bring together thousands of believers in this area. Many come on foot, some of them barefoot, to be used en masse out of the eternal home of St. hikes. Basil of Ostrog. On this holy place come the most prominent world figures, not just ordinary believers and visitors valuable cultural monuments.
For pilgrims built a shelter at the first corner above the Lower Monastery. In normal bed rooms night to pay only one evr. In trpzariji can objedvati and make tea or coffee. In the Upper Monastery spend the night on wooden klupamama or landings, with the possibility of more blanket (blanket) to cover.
In the Ostrog monastery in April 1941 was hidden gold from the treasury of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which was screened 'Evil money'. Here in 1942 was held and the Assembly of Montenegrin representatives at which he was elected General National Liberation Committee for Montenegro and Boka. It was in fact the provisional government of the people of Montenegro and the Bay, with similar aspirations as the one from 1813: the struggle for liberation from the Nazis. This tendency existed and was realized in the fight against the Turks. It was this monastery was the center of gathering Montenegrins and actions against the army of the Ottoman Empire. All attacks of the Turks at this shrine, in order to get their hands on the dead body of St. Basil, were rejected in the fierce fighting. Twice the remains of St. Basil had to be transferred to Cetinje for fear of falling into enemy hands. It happened in 1853 when the Duke Mirko Petrović Njegoš and a small group of soldiers close to the Upper monastery and defend it in the struggle against the Turks. The descendants of these heroes and other Montenegrins and Montenegrin means that prices of their ancestors fight for every piece of celebrated Montenegro.
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